By Sue Hostetler | May 12, 2014 | Culture
The eyes of Chicago’s art world turn to Asia as Art Basel Hong Kong launches into its second year.
Bouquet 1 by Jennifer Steinkamp, 2013, from Lehmann Maupin, one of the blue-chip US galleries with an outpost in Hong Kong.
In just a few short years, Hong Kong has been transformed from a city that many considered a cultural desert to the fourth-largest global market for contemporary art, according to Artprice, an art market information source, with more than $130 million sold in 2013, partially due to record-setting auctions and the rise of billionaire art collectors in China. As recently as 2008, there were no major art fairs, but the visionaries behind the powerful Art Basel shows in Switzerland and Miami Beach helped push the cultural renaissance forward last year when they debuted Art Basel in Hong Kong.
Asia's second annual Art Basel Fair—which opens May 15 and features a slate of 245 of the world’s most influential galleries from 39 countries—will help add even more international credibility and exposure to the Asian art market. “Every fair has its own mission and vision,” says show director Magnus Renfrew. “Art Basel in Hong Kong aspires to provide a fair for Asia of global stature and the highest quality while retaining its unique regional flavor. Hong Kong has long been regarded as the portal connecting the East and the West. It is a major financial hub and as such is designed to allow for more professional and efficient transactions.”
Embroidery Series (Clothing) by Peng Wei, 2003-2012, which looks like a traditional Chinese robe, but is actually a contemporary expression of the age-old Chinese technique of ink painting.
This year’s show will be marked by the strong programming that is a hallmark of the two other Art Basel shows. The Discoveries sector, dedicated to solo and two-person exhibitions by emerging artists, is building particular buzz. Also creating excitement is the Encounters sector, featuring large-scale sculptural and installation pieces curated by Japan’s highly regarded Yuko Hasegawa of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo. “Last year Yuko’s selection spurred a compelling discourse around contrasting generational and cultural approaches to artistic practices,” says Renfrew. “I have every confidence that her program this year will again present ambitious works that act as conversation points.” And one of Art Basel Miami Beach’s most beloved events—the Film sector—will debut in Hong Kong this year, developed by Chinese multimedia artist and curator Li Zhenhua and hosted in partnership with the Hong Kong Arts Centre.
These collaborations with local institutions help Art Basel recognize, support, and promote the exploding contemporary art scene in Hong Kong. Not only is the government pouring billions of dollars into developing a cultural district in West Kowloon, but the new M+, an ambitious Herzog & de Meuron–designed museum slated for completion in 2017, further illustrates Hong Kong’s commitment to its future support of the visual arts. But maybe the most significant indicator is the number of respected western galleries, like Gagosian, White Cube, and Lehmann Maupin, which have opened Hong Kong outposts in the past few years. These dealers, along with influential homegrown stalwarts such as 10 Chancery Lane, Galerie Ora-Ora, and Pearl Lam, are instrumental in developing and nurturing the careers of artists and collections in the region.
Visitors at last year’s Art Basel Hong Kong fair.
According to Renfrew, these relationships with the local galleriesand institutions (including Asia Art Archive, Para/Site, the Asia Society, and Spring Workshop) are imperative to Art Basel Hong Kong as they create a show “grounded in the city.” “We want to promote long-term arts infrastructure development and encourage associated programming across the city,” says Renfrew. “The growth of Hong Kong’s museum sector and contemporary arts education will truly impact the larger discourse in the city, and that is something that we aim—through long-term partnerships—to cultivate.”
The fair’s impact and thematic reach are sure to be much broader than just the Asian region. One needs to look no further than the talks planned as part of the Conversations and Salon programs. A discussion titled the “Global Art World/Making Biennials” will feature luminaries Juliana Engberg, artistic director of the 2014 Biennale of Sydney and artistic director of the Australian Centre for Contemporary Art; Eungie Joo, curator of the 2015 Sharjah Biennial; and Jessica Morgan, artistic director of the 10th Gwangju Biennale and the Daskalopoulos curator of international art at Tate Modern—moderated by Hou Hanru, artistic director at Maxxi Museum in Rome. “This is a conversation that has real international relevancy, reflecting the transitional reality of today’s art world,” explains Renfrew. Programming such as this, coupled with a rapidly maturing Asian art market and the resurgence of Chinese art exhibitions across the US, will undoubtedly help draw record numbers of highly informed collectors to the fair this month.
Given that Asia’s potential as a major center for collectors and curators is only starting to be tapped, it’s no surprise that Art Basel in Hong Kong is generating excitement on both sides of the Pacific, and particularly for Renfrew. “The highlight is exposing new audiences to the depth of work from the region, and being part of that experience when collectors discover artists they have not yet seen—or when curators join in dialogue with artists whose work they have long followed.” Art Basel in Hong Kong takes place May 15–18; visit artbasel.com/en/Hong-Kong
photography courtesy of the artist and lehmann Maupin, new york and hong kong (basel); courtesy of art basel (aerial view, renfrew)